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By Christopher_Pool — 2 years ago
A German court in Detmold has sentenced Holocaust denier Ursula Haverbeck to 14 months in prison, after the 89-year-old woman lost her appeal to a prior conviction on Tuesday. However, four months were shaved off her original conviction of 18 months. Prosecutors wanted the sentence upheld, Haverbeck’s lawyers were seeking exoneration.
Ursula Haverbeck, often dubbed the “Nazi Grandma” in the German press, has been sentenced to 14 months in prison for incitement of racial hatred. Haverbeck has been handed several jail terms but has yet to be jailed.
The Detmold court had initially sentenced Haverbeck to eight months imprisonment in September 2016, after she sent a letter to the town’s mayor, Rainer Heller, claiming that Auschwitz was not a concentration camp.
Following the trial, the octogenarian handed out pamphlets to journalists, as well as the judge and prosecutor, entitled “Only the truth will set you free,” in which she once again denied the Nazi atrocities. Haverbeck was handed an additional 10-month sentence for the stunt.
Under German law, denying the Holocaust — in which 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis between 1941 and 1945 — constitutes incitement of racial hatred and can carry a prison sentence of up to five years.
Haverbeck and her late husband Werner Georg Haverbeck, who was an active member of the Nazi party in the run-up to and during the Second World War, founded a right-wing education center called Collegium Humanum, which has been banned since 2008. She has also written for the right-wing magazine Stimme des Reiches (Voice of the Empire), which she also used to express her views that the Holocaust never took place.
Haverbeck, from the German town of Vlotho near Bielefeld, has been sentenced for similar charges on five other occasions. The most recent, in October, saw her sentenced to six months in prison by a district court in Berlin for incitement of racial hatred after she claimed at a public event that the gas chambers and Auschwitz concentration camp “were not real.”
In August she was handed a two-year sentence by a regional court in Lower Saxony.
Haverbeck has appealed the rulings passed down against her and proceedings in each other case remains ongoing. Haverbeck claims she has been merely been repeating an opinion.
This Tuesday’s appeal verdict is not final, either. Haverbeck’s lawyers intend to take the case to the Higher Regional Court in the town of Hamm, their last chance to challenge the sentence.Post Views: 1,189
Tetris Syndrome, which is when you play a game too long and you start to dream about it, and hallucinate about it on the edges of your vision.By Christopher_Pool — 3 years ago
The Tetris Effect, funnily enough, is named after Tetris, the classic game. Though it’s named after the game, it’s actually more about what happens after you’ve played it.
If you’ve been playing Tetris for a while, you might find that every time you close your eyes you see the Tetris pieces outlined in the darkness, just like how you might still see light when you close your eyes if you’ve been looking at the sun for a while.
Tetris effect and lucid dreams
The Tetris Effect is where you’ve done something so often that it starts to change the way you think about other things in your life. Repetitive activities begin to pattern your every thought. So for example if you’ve been playing Tetris for ages every day, but take a break to go shopping, you might pack your groceries onto the conveyor belt at the checkout as you would pack Tetris pieces together, so they all fit nicely.
You might be thinking that it’s a bit extreme to have a whole effect named after one game, but it goes deeper than that. It can be applied to more than just Tetris, in fact it applies to any activity thats repetitive, particularly involving shapes or colours. It’s the effect of a habit.
You could be walking down the road and imagine the bushes and benches as obstacles in Temple Run. It doesn’t have to be electronic games, it doesn’t even just have to be an effect of any game. For example you might see paving stones as pieces of a jigsaw puzzle, or if you’ve spent time in the military or as a cadet you might be walking casually but still think ‘left, left, left, right left’.
Why does it happen?
The Tetris Effect is a result of memory. If you’re doing the same thing over and over, your brain assumes it’s something you need to be good at, something you can do without even thinking too hard about it. It makes sense, they’re skills you’ll need again so your brain continues developing the mindset of those skills even when you’re not doing that particular activity.
The tetris effect and dreams
So the Tetris Effect is a result of our brains trying to learn and remember a skill, where else do we go over things we’ve learnt and remembered? In our dreams. We often dream of things we’ve been doing and especially things we’ve done over and over again, so it can be expected that if the Tetris Effect becomes evident in your waking life, it could show up in your dreams as well. In a study where people were taught the game Tetris, 60% of them reported Tetris showing up in their dreams.
Tetris Effect and LUCID Dreaming
Getting your habit to show up in your dreams is one thing, that’s easy, but using the Tetris Effect of your habit to have lucid dreams is slightly different. Those who play video games are already more likely to find it easier to lucid dream (see my article on lucid dreaming and video games) as you’re used to having control of an alternate reality.
The Tetris Effect can take it that one step further, as your mind will already be going over the skill it’s trying to develop. If you find yourself lucid, the Tetris Effect could mean that not only are you aware it’s a dream, but you might also have control over it.
If your dream bears similarities to a game you’ve played or an activity you’ve repeated, for example if there are buildings in your dream world that resemble ones you might manipulate in a game, then you may find that you’re able to create and control your dream world as you would in the virtual reality of your game.
Game Transfer Phenomena
The Tetris Effect links to the game transfer phenomena, as both stem from the same thing: playing video games repeatedly. Game transfer phenomena is basically a blurring in the minds of gamers between the real world and the game world.
There have been cases where gamers have been going about their every day life but will see or hear aspects of a game. Some have found that they constantly hear theme tunes from their games, or make involuntary links with what they’re seeing in the real world and how it would be in the game world. Basic reflexes might be influenced by games, for example if at any point you jerk your thumbs as they held a controller.
Obviously it’s harmless effect, there’s no danger in looking through the eyes of a gamer. The only real worry, mainly of concerned parents and scornful press, is gaming addiction. There is of course a point where gaming can become unhealthy, if it becomes your entire life, but as long as you’re not locked away with just you and your console for days on end, you should be fine.
The tetris effect and games
You could even say you’re benefiting from the effect of gaming, particularly if you play games that involve problem solving. You might find yourself looking for solutions and logic in life, and there’s definitely no harm in that.
The Tetris Effect and Insomnia
If you find yourself experiencing a more extreme Tetris Effect, so if it becomes almost addictive and overwhelming, you might start to have difficulty with your sleep. We’ve all had nights where we’ve wanted one more game, or where we’ve let our thoughts distract us from falling asleep. But the Tetris Effect may mean you become so obsessed with a certain activity that it’s all you can think of.
If your Tetris Effect stemmed from playing an electronic game this could also contribute to insomnia, as blue light (emitted by loads of different electronic devices with screens) interferes with your body clock. The light emitted by different devices is usually what the body associates with daytime, so after playing games you might find yourself feeling more energetic, especially with adrenaline from the game still rushing.
Not playing right up into the early hours of the morning can help you avoid any negative effects on your sleep though. As can having a break between your gaming session and the time you go to bed.
The Tetris Effect and positivity
Surprisingly, the Tetris Effect can help you feel more positive. Our brains are programmed to focus more on negative experiences, if you spill a cup of tea it’s something you’ll remember, but if you make the perfect cup of tea, the likelihood is you wont remember it the next day. It’s just the way things are.
Whilst it might not seem like we control the Tetris Effect, we can actually try and use it to help us think more positively. Just as we can train our brain to look at buildings as we might look at Tetris blocks, we can train it to look for positives rather than negatives.
So for example rather than looking at things that don’t seem to fit as well they should, we can practice looking to the left or right a bit, and focusing instead on the things that do fit. We can use the Tetris Effect to get the same positive feeling in real life as we would when succeeding in a game.Post Views: 50,985
By Christopher_Pool — 3 years ago
Psychiatry has not always been kind to people whose sexuality veers from the societal norm. Homosexuality was considered a mental illness in many countries as late as the mid-20th century—if it was not classified as an outright crime. Even Sweden, that Scandinavian bastion of openness and equality, identified being gay as a disorder as late as 1979.
He came to his own people, from his psychiatry is not always a form of sexual and social norms. Considered a mental illness in many countries it is believed in the mid-20th century – if charges are not visible. Even Sweden, the Scandinavian Tower to the intricacies of openness and equality, with which the disorder was recognized at the end of 1979.
One woman in the southern province of Smålandeven, managed to get Social Security benefits to the gay parade.
A reading greater than its parts protested RFSL, the Swedish Federation of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Sweden has been removed from what was believed in 1944, but according to the “National Council for health and safety” that develops standards for health, not even to the disease. As part of the context of the American Psychiatric Association announced that while homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1973, although she continued to sexual orientation disturbance “referring they felt about their sexual orientation (among other new interference).
Tract is fed up with the lack of it was gaining power in traditional letters and phone campaigns, planned to occupy the building RFSL gay unusual pathologies National Council demonstrations. On 29 September, through eight ‘Man Liberation Week “in Stockholm (Stockholm Pride later), the assembly RFSL protesters block National Council on the stairs at the building, chanting and waving banners. Barbarian Strholm the new director of the National Council of Second, finally sat down and came with demonstrators and their cause became acceptable. in late October 1979, the National Council of homosexuality as a kind of disease, making Sweden the first European country to do so.
Needless to say, all countries have taken. It was not until 2014 that a panel of the World Health Organization has concluded that they are based on the facts of the specific disorders of gay men and those of the American Psychiatric Association transgender treatment remains controversial.Post Views: 717